Greenhouse Gas Emissions


Agriculture contributes significantly to the  global warming, since most of its activities emit greenhouse gases (GHG). On the other hand, due to consumer awareness and the government investment in GHG reduction programs with specific credit lines to agricultural activities, there is the current increase on the demand for products with less impact on the environment. In this sense, understanding how the activities of your property contributes to this impact, by measuring GHG emissions, it is extremely important . Also it  can guarantee you financial and strategic advantages.

Here there is an elaborate step by step to fill this need, enabling producers:

  • To include the measurement and reduction of GHG emissions in their activities (production strategies and annual planning);
  • To identify opportunities to reduce GHG emissions;
  • To follow the progress, pursuing a GHG reduction goal;
  • To seek funding to support this activity;
  • To release the results to investors and to the consumers;
  • To respond to national and international demands for less intensive products in carbon emissions.

 

How to get funding?

 

Given this scenario, the challenge is to evolve from conventional practices for low-carbon agricultural activities. At the same time provide income to producers and affordable good food for the population. Currently there are specific lines of credit to producers that have adopted more sustainable practices.

The Agricultural Plan for Low Carbon, by the Federal Government, through the Program for Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction in Agriculture (ABC Program) funds practices and appropriate technologies and also efficient production systems that contribute to reducing the gases that cause the greenhouse effect. The ABC program also offers loans with grace periods and distinct payment, as well as lower interest rates.


For more information about these funds, please search for:

  • The brochure from the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply, provides a guide on financing conditions and the ABC program access rules, as well as an overview of the Low Carbon Agricultural
  • Rural Credit Manual of the Program ABC, the manual with the ABC program credit regulations;
  • General information about BNDES loans for the ABC program;
  • General information about Banco do Brasil (federal bank) funding for the ABC program.

 

There are other lines of credit which invest in other sustainable action, besides the Low Carbon Agriculture. To learn more about these funds, please search for:

  • PRONAF - National Program to Strengthen Family Agriculture, general information and documents required to apply for funding for this program;
  • Sustainable agribusiness, informative handbook on credit lines of Banco do Brasil ( Federal Bank) for sustainable activities in agribusiness.

 

How to measure the emissions from your property?

The World Resources Institute (WRI), along with Embrapa (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation) and Unicamp (University of Campinas - SP), have developed a tool to measure the agricultural emissions. Named Agricultural GHG Protocol calculation tool (GHG Protocol is the central project of WRI focused on reducing GHG emissions), this tool counts the emissions of non mechanical activities, divided between livestock, grazing, soybean, corn, cotton, wheat , beans, rice and sugarcane plantation, the emission sources considered are:

  • Organic fertilizer
  • Lime application
  • Application of pesticides
  • Synthetic nitrogen fertilizer application
  • Urea application
  • Electric power consumption
  • Rice cultivation
  • Waste of livestock grazed
  • enteric fermentation
  • Secondary sources (atmospheric deposition and leaching or surface runoff)
  • Waste Management
  • Animal waste management (except livestock grazed)
  • Land use changes
  • Mechanized operations
  • Burning of crop residues
  • Crop residues

This tool was developed as an excel spreadsheet, consisting of a set of tabs. The tab "Introduction" provides general information about the use of the tool with all the step by step. That allow the tracking with the filling of each activity information and the emissions sources mentioned above. 

 

 

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